One of the most deadly viruses to hit humans in recent history, coronaviruses are responsible for thousands of deaths in all parts of the world. They affect humans through contact with infected bodily fluids and may not be immediately recognizable as such. They are highly contagious and cause no symptoms unless they reach an individual’s respiratory system where they multiply rapidly, causing pneumonia and other serious conditions. Most cases are caused through direct exposure to mucus secretions from the nose or throat. The virus can also infect the eyes, mouth, and other body parts through direct contact with an infected person or object.
COVID-19 is caused from a coronavirus known as SARS-CoV-2, which was identified in China in 2020. Although all SARS patients had symptoms of fever, cough, and pneumonia, only about half of those with COVID contracted the illness through contact with bodily fluids. The remaining cases were caused through indirect exposure to the same person or object, such as shaking hands or touching contaminated objects.
Of the two major SARS pandemic strains, SARS-C was responsible for the largest number of deaths. In addition to the large number of people who died due to the virus, SARS caused an estimated US $11 billion in lost economic output, leaving the country weakened for many years.
While the virus has no known cure, there are some preventative measures that can help reduce the risks of contracting it. For people who are pregnant or have young children, or have immune deficiencies, or are undergoing cancer treatments, having regular checkups should be part of their routine. Anyone who has recently traveled to a country where the virus is common should be vaccinated before going back. People with weakened immune systems, diabetes, or are undergoing chemotherapy should also consider getting vaccinated. For healthy adults who are in good health, vaccination is usually enough to avoid getting sick from this condition.
The symptoms of COVID are similar to those of SARS but may not include any of the common flu-like symptoms associated with the latter. Some people with COVID will experience fever, headaches, and muscle aches. The virus also causes fatigue, cough, nausea, and vomiting and diarrhea, although these are uncommon in COVID sufferers.
Many cases of COVID lead to serious complications, such as pneumonia, paralysis, and death. To decrease the risk of these complications, the virus often spreads from an infected individual to others through bodily fluids. If the virus spreads to an already susceptible person, his or her body will not be able to fight off the infection and may become infected. This may cause pneumonia or even a coma, which is a more serious condition than other forms of pneumonia, resulting in death within weeks of becoming infected.
Prevention of this virus involves avoiding contact with an infected individual if possible and also preventing it from spreading between healthy people. If you or someone you know has contracted COVID, taking precautions to prevent spreading to other people can reduce the number of cases and thus the amount of time and money spent on hospitalization and treatment.
Health care workers and infants and toddlers are especially susceptible to contracting the virus, and are most at risk in settings where they are not able to keep themselves well-hydrated or where the virus spreads through bodily fluids. These include health care facilities and orphanages where children and the elderly may not have access to clean water and sanitation. Children can contract the virus from their parents or other caregivers by sharing utensils or playing barefoot with other children. Infants and toddlers may contract the virus from their own mother’s breast milk or formula and may transmit it to their infants or toddlers by sharing clothing.
Healthcare workers who treat patients with COVID are at greater risk because they may not have access to sanitary conditions in which to work in. Some healthcare facilities, such as hospitals, may lack sanitary conditions that can limit the amount of virus spread through contact with others. Patients may be given contaminated equipment, such as towels, and other personal items. This contamination can allow the virus to travel from one patient to another.
It is important to note that people who have recently recovered from SARS may have a reduced risk of contracting the disease in the future. It is unknown how long the virus remains inactive in the human body, but studies have shown that a person who was healthy before the SARS outbreak is still contagious after the outbreak, although they may be resistant to it. This means that they can infect other people. If you or someone you know has had a recurrence of the disease, the virus may return or change, especially if a healthy person becomes ill.
It is important for healthcare workers and infants and toddlers to remain vigilant and watchful for symptoms of this virus. Symptoms include fever, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea and vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, and stomach cramps. If you or your child develops one or more of these symptoms, contact your doctor immediately. to make sure you and your family have been vaccinated and receive proper medical treatment. While this disease is not life-threatening, it can be avoided if everyone does their part to protect themselves from it.