The coronavirus is a virus that is believed to be responsible for causing a variety of respiratory problems including pneumonia, upper respiratory infections, sinusitis and severe acute respiratory infections. This potentially deadly virus is highly contagious and spreads from person to person by direct contact or from close contact such as coughing and sneezing.
Infected people cannot spread the virus by coughing or sneezing. They can spread the virus by sharing objects such as a doorknob or door handles or by kissing. It is not possible to pass the virus by sharing food or drinks with a person who has the virus.
Public health officials and health care workers must wear full protective gear to protect themselves from the virus. These protective gear includes personal protective equipment (PPE) like face masks and gowns, surgical masks, gloves, masks, gowns, eye protection and face shields. N95 masks are also recommended.
When selecting personal protective equipment for health care workers, they should consider how the infected person might react to a particular situation. For example, there may be situations when a person may be at risk of skin irritation if a contaminated piece of clothing is removed.
Patients with mild cases may wear a regular face mask and gown, while patients with severe respiratory illnesses should wear a respirator and special breathing gear. Using disposable plastic gowns can minimize contamination risks, but if infection is suspected it is important to dispose of these gowns properly.
The healthcare worker should wash his hands with alcohol and disinfect them after using the washroom or toilet. He should also wash his hands before using a patient’s bedpan and wash his hands after he comes into contact with a patient’s blood. Also, he should wear a pair of disposable gloves in addition to the face mask.
When a healthcare worker is treating a patient with respiratory illness, the worker should wear a mask with a full face shield and a bio-hazard-care label. In addition, the healthcare worker should wear a mask and gown that cover his face, the hands and feet, and the upper body. It is recommended that the healthcare worker wear disposable gloves for every two hours in order to reduce the risk of transmission.
When using the protective gear, the healthcare worker should wash his hands immediately with alcohol and dry them with paper towels. He should put on a pair of disposable gloves in addition to the face mask.
On contact with an object that has come into contact with the patient’s airway, the healthcare worker should cough or sneeze to clear the object from the patient’s airway. A common way to prevent transmission of the virus is to use a hospital gown and use a nasal decongestant. If this fails, then the healthcare worker should use a plastic gown and mouth guard.
The healthcare worker should wash his hands thoroughly after being exposed to the virus. He should then continue wearing the protective gear until he is cured and no longer infected.
The health of healthcare workers is improved when they are regularly informed about the importance of hand wash and face mask usage. There should be reminders for health care workers about the need to change their gloves and bandages regularly. Health care workers should also be encouraged to report suspected infections.
The healthcare workers should take note that if the person is symptomatic, they should not be admitted in a hospital unless the doctor or hospital agrees to do so. Instead, the healthcare worker should go to the closest public or private clinic and receive treatment without waiting for authorization.